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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 127-132

The effect of plasma surface treatment on push-out bond strength of fiber-reinforced posts to root canal dentin

1 Department of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
2 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Usama M Abdel-Karim
Department of Dental Biomaterials, Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Tanta
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-8574.191433

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Objectives: This study evaluated the effect of surface treatment with plasma or sandblasting on push-out bond strength of fiber post bonded to root canal dentin. Methods: Crowns of 50 teeth were sectioned and their root canals were instrumented, obturated and received post-space preparations. The roots were equally divided into five groups according to post surface treatment. Posts were surface treated with oxygen plasma in Group 1 and argon plasma in Group 2. Post surfaces were treated with sandblasting in Group 3 and silanized after sandblasting in Group 4. In control group (Group 5), posts were cemented to the canal wall without surface treatment. After post cementation, push-out test was used to evaluate the bond strength of fiber post bonded to root canal dentin. Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α = 0.05). Results: Oxygen plasma revealed the significantly highest push-out bond strength of all groups (P < 0.01). No significant difference was found between argon plasma and control group. Sandblasting significantly improved the bond strength compared to control group. The difference between sandblasted and sandblasted-silanized groups was not significant. Conclusions: Oxygen plasma treatment of fiber post recorded the highest bond strength to root canal dentin followed by sandblasting. Silanization and Argon plasma did not play a significant role in enhancing bond strength of fiber posts to canal dentin. Clinical significance: Oxygen plasma surface treatment offered the highest resistance to displacement of fiber posts. Clinical trials involving plasma technique are indicated.

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